Why You Need to Avoid Puppy Mills?
Puppy mills are also known as commercial breeding facilities that are often characterized by poor living conditions and unethical breeding practices. While there are no legal standards on what a puppy mill is, it has been established that puppy mills are places where the dogs’ health are disregarded. These reasons alone should be enough for you to avoid puppy mills altogether, but what other issues are there?
Even though it might seem easy, avoiding puppy mills actually requires time and effort to research. It is vital for us to keep on educating people and spreading as much information as we can to help avoid supporting puppy mills.
What is a Puppy Mill?
A puppy mill is where dogs are cruelly bred in a way that harms their physical and mental well-being. Many puppy mills sell their puppies to pet shops, online, or private individuals. In the United States, there are thought to be 500,000 dogs kept in puppy mills for breeding purposes and 10,000 puppy mills overall.
Puppies from puppy mills are delivered to pet stores or sold to puppy brokers at a cheaper price. They are also at higher risk of illness and stress because they are weaned too soon. Due to the fact that they are too young to have a fully developed immune system, some die in the process. These tiny puppies are transported in crowded cages and are exposed to other puppies who are unvaccinated, which can cause illness. Other reports have also noted that puppies die in transport from overheating and neglect
The sources of the animals that pet stores sell are frequently given in general terms. However, there is little regulation surrounding these terms like professional breeders, which are essentially misleading marketing to conceal the sale of animals from horrible puppy mills.
In conclusion, when asking, What’s so bad about buying from a pet store or puppy mill? Take into account the circumstances the puppy was exposed to. Along with being overbred and kept in close quarters, their parents and the puppy were probably also exposed to other puppies before their immune systems were fully formed. Several puppy mills are still in operation despite unsafe breeding methods and for treating their puppies poorly.
Puppy Mills Only Focus and Prioritize Profit
A puppy mill is a particular kind of dog breeding facility that focuses on profit over the welfare of the animals in their care. Dogs typically have litters of two to ten puppies in the wild, but in puppy mills, they sometimes have 12 or more. Many different breeds of dogs can be found in puppy mills, where they are raised in cages until they are sterile. Each year, puppy mills give birth to an estimated 4 million dogs. The percentage of purebred dogs in animal shelters ranges from 50 to 70%.
When a female dog is used as a breeding machine, she is compelled to put up with repeated breeding until she perishes. As a result of her body’s inability to cope with the frequent pregnancies, she frequently passes away too soon from complications brought on by her constant breeding.
The dogs are not given time to recover after giving birth or to rest in between pregnancies; instead, they are pushed into another pregnancy as soon as possible, depriving them of the chance to form strong bonds with their puppies or to form wholesome social bonds with other dogs. They are not even taken out of their cages for playtime or interact with people or other animals. When someone enters and grabs the dogs for another breeding session, that is the only interaction they receive.
Puppy Mills Aren’t Always Black and White
Large-scale commercial dog breeding operations that sell puppies to pet shops and online retailers are known as puppy mills in the US While these breeding operations may be allowed, they are still required to provide certain levels of care for the dogs and puppies they house.
For instance, keeping dogs in puppy mills in unhygienic conditions or depriving them of enough food or water is against the law. The Animal Welfare Act, which Congress passed in 1966 and has been modified numerous times since then, specifies the minimum requirements for care.
It is difficult to determine how legal puppy mills are. The absence of legislation prohibiting running a puppy mill is the first issue. So, even if a puppy mill were to be established, no criminal charges could be brought against the owner. If they engaged in another crime, like animal cruelty or tax evasion, while operating their business, they could only be accused of that crime.
The next issue is that there are no federal regulations governing how many animals can be housed in a facility at any given time. Therefore, even though having more than six dogs in one home may be prohibited, having hundreds of dogs in one home is perfectly legal as long as they are not kept in cages or crates all day, which is an all too frequent case.
The third issue is the need for laws to specify who is allowed to sell puppies out of their homes or places of business. Therefore, even if regulations governed the number of dogs that can be kept in a single location, selling from your home would still be exempt from those regulations. And yet again, this is a common occurrence.
Surprising Puppy Mill Statistics
Have you ever stopped by a pet store window to drool over the adorable puppies? While they seem adorable, healthy, and happy, they are not.
Puppies in pet shops are typical, if not always, purchased from puppy mills, which can be as welcoming as the worst prisons.
We’ve compiled some of the most significant, and upsetting, statistics on puppy mills and the industry that supports them.
Committing Repeat Offenses
Statistics on puppy mills from 2020 expose a terrible truth. Every year, the Humane Society publishes the Horrible Hundred report, which lists the 100 worst pet dealers in the United States.
Even though 43 of them were mentioned in reports from previous years, they have returned in the 2020 report. This indicates that, despite the report’s accurate description of these problems, the USDA needs to do more to convince them to alter their behavior.
There are No Precise Statistics on Deaths in Puppy Mills
In puppy mills, lots of things happen behind closed doors. Dog parents frequently pass away at a young age from exhaustion, malnutrition, and birth, while many puppies pass away shortly after birth.
Even when they are born alive, puppies frequently pass away in transit. Alternatively, they may have been purchased because of hidden health issues that the new owners were unaware of.
It’s impossible to determine the precise number of dogs that pass away each year due to legal puppy mills and the black puppy market.
Almost All Puppies Sold in Pet Stores Come from Puppy Mills
Pet shops essentially feed puppies at puppy mills, enabling them to make a profit. Even though they do a significant amount of business online, most of their sales are to pet stores.
As a result, pet shops are what keep puppy mills in operation. It is nearly impossible to stop puppy mills and their abusive practices unless the shops stop purchasing from puppy farms or stop peddling puppies entirely.
Cross-Infection with Campylobacter jejuni
According to statistics on puppy mills, 30 people had Campylobacter jejuni infections. Puppies in a pet shop picked up the illness.
The 13 states were represented in these reports. Most likely, contact with infected puppies in Petland stores started the outbreak. It’s possible that the puppies were already infected when they arrived at the store. The outbreak later spread to 12 additional people, including 5 Petland employees, who all claimed to have had contact with the puppies.
There are 113 People Contracted Campylobacter in 2017
Not just the animals are in danger here. People can also be at risk from puppy mills. Puppies delivered to pet stores can infect anyone directly interacting with them due to poor hygiene and a lack of veterinary care.
The 2017 outbreak was connected to puppies purchased from Petland locations spread across 17 states.
California was the First State to Prohibit Retail Pet Sales
Puppy mill statistics show that at the moment, the retail sale of pets is outlawed in about 300 cities and the corresponding number of counties, including the entire Maryland state that enacted the restriction in 2018. Not only are puppies subject to many of these restrictions, but rabbits and kittens.
Bills to outlaw retail pet sales are pending in numerous other cities, counties, and states, including New York. Through 2020, the ASPCA persisted in supporting the legislation.
Only 3,000 Known Puppy Mills Are Subject to Regulation
Among the 10,000 puppy mills known, the US Department of Agriculture only regulates a small number. Consequently, more than 7,000 puppy mills are operating in the US unchecked.
Animal cruelty is still ongoing. In addition, they escape punishment because no one is in charge of them. The numerous backyard breeders who go unnoticed are not included in this either.
167,388 Breeding Dogs in Facilities Licensed by the USDA
The fact that the number mentioned above is constantly shifting is one of the saddest aspects of puppy mills. The lifespan of breeding dogs is comparatively brief. As a result, new purebred dogs are quickly brought in to break the vicious cycle.
Additionally, they typically only receive limited veterinary care, are housed in small cages, and are only used for breeding. This implies they accept little to no exercise, maintenance, or socialization.
The females are barely kept alive until they cannot give birth to puppies. After that, they are put to death because puppy mills cannot accommodate them.
Every Year, Each Female Dog Produces 9.4 Puppies on Average
Every year, 2 million puppies are created in puppy mills. Typically, females mate twice a year. These puppies’ mothers are severely undernourished and worn out, so they don’t make as much milk as they should. As a result, some puppies pass away just a few days after being born.
Typically, the puppies are taken away from their mother too soon and aren’t correctly weaned. As a result, both the pup and the mother experience poor socialization, depression, and even desperation.
Missouri Had the Most Puppy Mills for 8 Years Straight
Although the HSUS has made numerous reports of puppy mills, Missouri continues to be the state with the most problematic mills, with 30 making a list in 2020. Ohio came in second with 9, followed by Kansas and Wisconsin with 8.
300 USDA-Licensed Puppy Brokers Work for Puppy Mills and Pet Shops in the US
Not just the owners and the general pet stores that sell them, but many other people, are to blame for the abuse and deaths of puppies in puppy mills.
The middleman who resells puppies obtained from puppy mills to pet stores is a puppy dealer, also known as a dog broker.
The biggest winners are pet stores because it gives them access to many puppy suppliers and saves them time. Brokers typically buy all the available puppies, so puppy mill owners are content in contrast.
How Can You Avoid Buying from Puppy Mills
Do extensive research on the puppy seller you choose. Breeders typically provide detailed information and pictures of their puppy-raising process. Additionally, they will disclose their membership in dog breed clubs or organizations and any awards their dogs may have received in dog sports. To avoid purchasing one of these stores, you can search USDA puppy mill lists, and breeder lists online.
Request to meet your puppy’s parents. Breeders are typically happy to allow you to meet your puppy’s parents and tour their home. Due to the poor conditions in which the dogs are housed, puppy mills will go to great lengths to prevent you from seeing other puppies, their parents, or the facilities where the dogs are kept.
The speed of the sale is another sign of a puppy mill. Your “breeder” is probably a puppy mill if they attempt to sell your pet as soon as possible. Before you can buy your puppy, reputable breeders typically require many meetings, an application, references, and other things.
Avoid buying pets from pet stores to stop puppy mills. Nearly all pet shops purchase their animals from puppy mills.
What are the Signs of a Puppy Mill?
So what are the best ways to identify a puppy mill? Many of the warning signs are frequently present in puppy mills. The most important cautionary signs are listed below.
How to recognize a puppy mill:
- While breeders typically focus on one or two dog breeds, puppy mills frequently sell a wide variety of canines.
- Puppy mills may have numerous litters, whereas breeders typically only have one or two at a time.
- Breeders typically provide their dogs with thorough preventative care and screenings. Puppy mills won’t supply genuine certificates of your puppy’s parents’ health or physical examinations.
- Breeders typically require a minimum of deworming, vaccination, and screening for their puppies. Puppy mills will meet only the bare minimum of legal requirements.
- While puppy mills are happy to sell to you immediately, breeders have lengthy application procedures.
- Puppy mills won’t discuss the socialization of a puppy. Breeders are happy to discuss the socialization methods they have used with their puppies.
- While puppy mills refuse to give tours or allow photography inside their facility, breeders are happy to share pictures of how they raise their puppies.
- There won’t be waitlists for puppy mills. Almost always, breeders have a waiting list for their litters.
Consider reporting puppy mills to the appropriate authorities if you believe you are speaking with someone running a puppy mill so the animals can be examined.